This study used a questionnaire to look at attitudes toward four disorders (cleft palate, dysfluency, hearing impairment, and misarticulations) among 166 university students representing English-speaking North American culture and several other cultures (e.g., Chinese, Southeast Asian, Hispanic).
Culture has a heavy overlay on the perceptions and the subsequent handling of persons with language and speech disorders. This article reviews the cultural perspectives of language and speech disorders as portrayed by persons with language and speech disorders, parents, teachers, and language and speech pathologists.
Historically, the study of public attitudes toward mental illness and persons with mental illness has mostly been the domain of mental health professionals—namely psychiatrists, psychologists.A cross-sectional study was carried out with a sample of 436 subjects (360 subjects from urban and rural communities of Delhi and 76 medical professionals working in different organizations in Delhi). A pre-tested questionnaire consisting items on perceptions, myths, and beliefs about causes, treatment, and health-seeking behavior for mental disorders was used. The collected data were.Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by social and communication impairments as well as restricted, repetitive behavior patterns. Despite the fact that ASD is reported worldwide, very little research exists examining ASD characteristics on a multinational scale. Cross-cultural comparisons are especially important for ASD, since cultural differences may impact the perception of.
This study had two aims: first, to investigate the attitudes of deaf and hearing people towards deafness; and, secondly, to study the difference between how deaf people perceive the attitudes of hearing people towards deafness, and how hearing people perceive the attitudes of deaf people towards deafness. The results showed that the deaf had more negative attitudes towards deafness than the.
In this instance, adolescent eating attitudes and their putative relationship with eating disorders provide a perspective for exploration of this phenomenon. On one level this study may be viewed as a measure of the prevalence of abnormal eating attitudes, which may have implications for the future epidemiology of eating disorders, within various groups of South African adolescents. However.
If improving global clinical utility and cross-cultural applicability represent important goals of the revision, then it is clearly important to obtain information from professionals who come into daily contact with people who require treatment for mental and behavioural disorders in the various countries. Because of the relative scarcity of psychiatrists in many parts of the world.
Historical and cross-cultural experiences suggest that cultural change, itself, may be associated with increased vulnerability to eating disorders, especially when values about physical aesthetics are involved. Such change may occur across time within a given society, or on an individual level, as when an immigrant moves into a new culture. In addition, cultural factors such as affluence and.
JWBK162-02 JWBK162-Arboleda March 18, 2008 12:45 2 Cross-Cultural Aspects of the Stigma of Mental illness Bernice A. Pescosolido1, Sigrun Olafsdottir2, Jack K. Martin1,3 and J. Scott Long1 1Department of Sociology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA 2Department of Sociology, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA 3Karl F. Schuessler Institute for Social Research, Indiana.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects people of all backgrounds, shapes, sizes, cultures and heritages. Different cultural factors can change how individuals experience autism in everyday life, influencing their interactions with family, community, schools and health services. Cultural factors can also impact how autism is understood, interpreted and accepted in different communities.
The Attitude to Mental Illness Questionnaire was used to assess participants' attitudes towards fictitious patients from a secure forensic hospital and patients with schizophrenia and substance use disorders. Participants were health professionals from acute and mental health settings. In total, 108 completed questionnaires were received. Participants had highly stigmatized attitudes towards.
Objective:The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of personal contact on the attitudes of individuals towards persons with cleft lip and palate (CLP) and the possible cultural diffe.
The attitudes toward stutterers and stuttering of 702 speech-language clinicians in the United States and Great Britain were studied. Three hundred seventy-one clinicians from six states in the U.S. and 331 clinicians from England and Wales completed the Clinician Attitudes Toward Stuttering (CATS) Inventory. Results of the study were analyzed in terms of differences and similarities in.
Educational objectives: Readers will be able: (1) to evaluate the status of speech-language pathology in Kuwait and the Middle East and compare it to that in other countries, such as Australia and the United States; (2) to list similarities in the stereotypes and attitudes towards stuttering cross-culturally. Readers will also be able to: (3) discuss the differences in knowledge and attitudes.
One study found that Jewish, Catholic, and Italian populations had a higher rate of eating disorder diagnoses, leading the researcher to consider how cultural attitudes on the importance of food impact eating disorders (1). Culture can also change how one’s disordered eating views and behaviors manifest.